Glossary of Terms

A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    L    M    N    O    P    R    S    T    U    V    W    Z


A

autonomic nervous system - concerned with involuntary bodily functions; made up of both sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, sensory (afferent) and motor (efferent) nerve cells: afferent-transmit information from sensory organs to the central nervous system; efferent-transmits information from the central nervous system to muscles and glands.

abortifacient - capable of inducing abortion

abrasion - scraping away of portion of skin or mucus membrane

abscess - localized collection of pus due to disintegration or displacement of tissue

absolute - aromatic material extracted from a plant using solvent extraction; tend to be more viscous than essential oils

acid mantle - protective barrier made up of a mixture of sweat and sebum that defends skin against environmental factors, microorganisms, maintains moisture and provides a soft appearance; hydro-lipidic film

acrid - leaving a burning sensation in the mouth

acute - having rapid onset, severe symptoms and a short course

adrenal glands - paired glands lying superior to each kidney; play a role in libido (especially in women), blood sodium levels impacting blood pressure and cardiovascular balance, blood sugar, water and electrolyte balance, metabolism and stress response

adrenaline - hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla that causes quickening of heart beat, strengthens force of the heart's contraction, opens airways in the lungs and numerous other effects; part of fight-or-flight reaction; same as epinephrine

adulteration - to make inferior, impure, not genuine by adding a harmful, less valuable or prohibited substance

aerophagy - swallowing of air

allergy - hypersensitivity caused by a foreign substance, small does of which can cause violent body reactions

alopecia - baldness or loss of hair, esp. of the head

Alzheimer's disease - neurological disorder characterized by dysfunction and death of specific cerebral neurons with widespread, progressive intellectual impairment, personality changes and alertness

amebicidial - can destroy amoeba

amenorrhea - absence of or suppressing menstruation

amoeba - a single-celled organism that constantly changes shape; can infect the bowels and cause diarrhea or the liver and cause abscesses

amoebicidal - agent that destroys amoeba

analgesic - remedy or agent that deadens pain

anaphrodisiac - reduces sexual desire

anemia - deficiency in quality or quantity of red corpuscles in the blood

anesthetic - that which causes loss of feeling or sensation

anodyne - quiets both physical and emotional pain

anorexia - loss of appetite

anosmic - one having no sense of smell

anthelmintic - destroying/expelling intestinal worms; vermifuge

antiallergenic - reduces/eliminates allergic symptoms

antialopecic - reduces baldness. hair loss

antiarthritic - that which relieves arthritis

antibilious - aids in removal of excess bile

antibiotic - inhibits growth of or destroys bacteria

anticatarrhal - relieves inflammation of mucus membranes, esp. of head and throat

anticoagulant - delays or prevents coagulation of blood

anticonvulsant - arrests or prevents convulsions

antidepressant - prevents, cure or alleviate mental depression/melancholy

antiemetic - reduces incidence and severity of nausea/vomiting

antihemorrhagic - prevents or combats hemorrhage or bleeding

antihistamine - treats allergic conditions; acts against the action of histamine

anti-inflammatory - counters or alleviates inflammation; antiphlogistic

antilithic - prevents formation of calculus or stone (gall or kidney)

antimicrobial - destroys or prevents development of pathogenic microorganisms

antineuralgic - relieves or reduces nerve pain

anti-oxidant - prevent or inhibit oxidation (deterioration)

antiphlogistic - check or counteracts inflammation; anti-inflammatory

antipigmentary - reduces stain or discolorization of skin

antiputrescent - prevents and combats decay or putrefaction

antipruritic - prevents or relieves sensation of itching

antipyretic - reduces fever; febrifuge

antirheumatic - prevents or relieves rheumatism

antisclerotic - prevents hardening of tissue due to chronic inflammation

antiscrobutic - remedy for scurvy

antiseborrheic - aids in control of sebum

antiseptic - prevents or inhibits sepsis (a poisoned state caused by absorption of pathogenic microorganisms into the bloodstream)

antispasmodic - prevents or relieves spasms/cramping

antitoxic - antidote or treatment to counteract toxins

antitussive - prevents or relieves coughs

antiviral - inhibits growth of viruses

aperitif - stimulates appetite

aphodisiac - increases or stimulates sexual desire

aromatherapy - therapeutic use of essential oils

aromatic - substance with an aroma or smell

arrhyhmia - irregular heart action

arteriosclerosis - loss of elasticity in walls of arteries due to thickening and calcification

arteritis - inflammation of an artery

artery - blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart

arthritis - joint inflammation

asthenia - lack or loss of strength; debility

asthma - wheezing caused by spasms of bronchial tubes or inflammation of bronchial mucus membrane

astringent - causes contraction of organic tissue; tonic; restorative

ataxia - loss of control over voluntary movements

atony - lessening or lack of muscle tone


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B

bactericidal - combats/destroys bacteria

balneotherapy - treatment by medicinal baths

balsamic - healing, soothing, loosens phlegm

bechic - sooths or relieves coughs

bilious - excessive secretion of bile

bitter - tonic which stimulates appetite and promotes secretion of saliva and gastric juices by exciting the taste buds

blenorrhea - abnormal discharge from mucus membrane

blood-brain barrier - made of specialized brain capillaries and astrocytes (brain cells that attach nerve to blood vessels) that prevent passage of materials from blood to cerebrospinal fluid and the brain

blood pressure - pressure of the blood within the arteries produced primarily by the contraction of the heart muscle; measured by two numbers: systolic measured after the heart contracts (the higher number) and diastolic measured before the heart contracts (the lower number)

boils - acute inflammation of subcutaneous layers of the skin, gland or hair follicle

bradycardia - slowing of heartbeat

bronchitis - inflammation of bronchial tube mucous membrane

bursitis - inflammation of the pad-like sac or cavity of a joint space

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C

central nervous system - consisting of the brain and spinal cord

calculus - fusion of crystals that create a "stone" (i.e. kidney or gall stone)

calmative - sedative

camphoraceous - having a strong odor of camphor

candida - a genus of yeast like fungi

capillary - microscopic blood vessel located between the arteries and the veins through which materials are transferred between blood and body cells

carbuncle - painful, localized, pus bearing inflammation of subcutaneous tissue having several openings; more severe than a boil

carcinogenic - that which produces cancer

cardiac - pertaining to the heart

cardiotonic - item that restores or increases the tone of the heart

carminitive - settles digestion, relieves flatulence (gas)

catarrh - inflammation of mucus membranes

cellulite - accumulation of toxic matter in the form of fat

cellulitis - inflammation of connective tissue

cephalic - remedy for disorders of the head

cervicitis - inflammation of the cervix

chakra - one of seven primary areas of condensed energy or chi

chemotherapy - treatment of illness or disease by chemicals

chemotype - same botanical species occurring in other forms due to different growth conditions, such as climate, soil, altitude

chi or qi - the life force; used in oriental and holistic therapies

chilblains - inflammation, itching and swelling due to frostbite

cholagogue - stimulant of secretion and flow of bile into duodenum

choleretic - aids excretion of bile by the liver

chronic - long term or frequently recurring

cicatrisant - promotes healing by formation of scar tissue

cirrhosis - degenerative change of an organ caused by poisons, bacteria or other agents resulting in overgrowth of fibrous tissue

coagulant - causing clotting of blood

colic - pain due to involuntary abdominal organ muscle contraction

colitis - inflammation of the colon

collagen - main organic constituent of connective tissue, a protein

compress - wet or dry cloth folded and firmly applied to a body part for relief of swelling or pain, or to produce localized pressure

concrete - highly odoriferous, concentrated, waxy, solid or semi-solid perfume material extracted by a solvent

constipation - infrequent or difficult voiding of the bowels

contusion - bruise

cordial - invigorating, reviving the heart

counter-irritant - applications to the skin to relieve deep-seated pain; visicant

couperose - temporary or chronic redness of the skin due to small, dilated blood vessels appearing on the cheeks, chin and nose

cramp - painful contraction of a muscle or group of muscles

cutaneous - pertaining to the skin

cyanosis - bluish coloring of skin and mucous membranes due to lack of oxygen in the blood

cyst - sac with distinct wall containing fluid or other material

cystitis - inflammation of the bladder

cytophylactic - increases activity of leucocytes (white blood cells) in defence against infections

cytotoxic - toxic to all cells

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D

depresses central nervous system - relieves pain, induces sleep; large doses may produce stupor, coma and possibly death

debility - lack or loss of strength; asthenia

decoction - herbal preparation where plant matter is boiled in water to made a concentrated extract

decongestant - relief or reduction of congestion esp. nasal

decubitus wound - bedsore; pressure sore

dehydration - excessive water loss from the body or its parts

dementia - mental disorder resulting in progressive loss of intellectual abilities with impairment of memory, judgment, abstract thinking, personality

demulcent - substance that protects mucus membranes and prevents or lowers irritation

deodorant - agent that mask or remove unpleasant odors

depurative - purifying or cleansing of the blood, detoxigying

dermal - pertaining to the skin

dermatitis - inflammation of the skin

dermatosis - disease of the skin

dermis - layer of dense connective tissue lying beneath the epidermis

diaphoretic - causes sweating; sudorific

diarrhea - frequent passage of unformed liquid stools

diffusion - intermingling of essential oil molecules into the air

digestive - promotes or aids digestion of food

disinfectant - prevents or combats spread of germs

distillate - by product of steam distillation; floral water, hydrolate

distillation - process by which essential oils are extracted (methods: water, steam, water and steam, dry)

diuretic - aids production of urine, promotes urination

dropsy - excess fluid in tissues; edema

dysentery - intestinal disorder with inflammation of the mucus membrane esp. of the colon

dysmenorrhea - painful menstruation

dyspepsia - difficult digestion with pain, flatulence, heartburn and nausea

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E

eczema - acute or chronic inflammatory condition of the skin with itching, burning, discoloration, elevation pustules, scales, crusts, and/or scabs; can be weeping (wet) or dry

edema - excess fluid in tissues, dropsy

elasticity - ability of tissue to return to its original shape after extension or contraction

elastin - coiling and recoiling protein, like a spring, within elastic fibers of connective tissue accounting for the elasticity of structures such the skin, blood vessels, heart, lungs, intestines, tendons, and ligaments; works with collagen-elastin provides elasticity, collagen provides rigidity

emitic - induces nausea or vomiting

emmenagogue - induces or assists menstruation

emollient - softens and soothes skin

emphysema - chronic pulmonary disease where alveoli of the lungs are dilated

endometriosis - uterine mucus lining growing outside the uterus on other structures of the pelvic region causing inflammation; frequent symptoms are pelvic pain during menstruation or ovulation

endorphin - naturally occurring morphine-like molecule produced primarily in the brain and spinal cord which blocks pain and lifts mood

engorgement - fullness or congestion of tissue

enfleurage - ancient extraction method used to gather essential oils from delicate flowers; seldom used practice whereby flower petals are placed on a layer of fat, after repeated applications the fat is removed

enteric nervous system - portion of the nervous system pertaining to the small intestines; plays a role in most digestive disorders

enteritis - inflammation of intestinal mucus membranes

epidermis - outermost layer of skin

epinephrine - hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla that causes quickening of heart beat, strengthens force of the heart's contraction, opens airways in the lungs and numerous other effects; part of fight-or-flight reaction; same as adrenaline

epstein-barrvirus - herpes-like virus, most common cause of m ononucleosis a viral infection causing fevers, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands, especially in the neck

erethema - superficial redness of skin due to excess of blood

essential oil - non-oily, volatile aromatic substance constituting the odorous principle of the plant, extracted by distillation or expression; possessing antibiotic, antiviral, antifungal and other properties

estrogen - ovarian hormone necessary for secondary sexual characteristics

eubiotic - brings about conditions favorable for life and healing

euphoric - agent that produces feeling of wellbeing, mild elation

expectorant - promotes removal of excess mucus of the respiratory system

expression - extraction method using pressure or centrifugal force to extract oils from citrus fruit peels

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F

fatigue - tiredness or weariness; acute-following excessive exertion; chronic-not relieved by rest may be indicative of altered body metabolism; muscular-reduced or inability to perform work due to repeated contractions

febrifuge - reduces fever

fissures - long, narrow, deep cleft or crack

fistula - abnormal tube-like passage to from one cavity to another or to an open surface resulting from abscesses, injuries or inflammation

fixative - slows evaporation rate of volatile compounds in perfume

fixed oil - fatty, dense, non-volatile vegetable oil, often used to dilute essential oils

flatulence - excessive gas in stomach and/or intestines

floral water - by product of steam distillation; hydrolate; distillate

fractionation - splitting an oil into fractions to remove undesirable elements

free radicals - unstable waste products from cellular metabolism that trigger chain reactive cellular damage

fungicidal - combats or prevents fungal infection

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G

galactagogue - increases secretion of milk in nursing mothers

gallbladder - small pouch that store bile

gangrene - rotting of tissue usually caused by interruption of blood supply

gastritis - inflammation of stomach lining

general adaptation syndrome - set of wide ranging body changes due to high level of stress over a prolonged period of time and can lead to emotional disturbances, cardiovascular and renal diseases, asthma and other diseased states; described by hans selye

genito-urinary - referring to the reproductive and urinary organs

germicidal - destroys microorganisms

gingivitis - inflammation of the gums with swelling and/or bleeding

goiter - enlargement of the thyroid gland

gout - disease involving excess uric acid in the blood, a form or acute inflammation of a joint usually knee or foot

grounded - centered; focused; settled; calm; quiet; stable; composed

gum - turpentine related resin; usually water soluble

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H

halitosis - bad breath

hallucinogenic - causes vision, dreams, delusions; in aromatherapy-nervous system calming essential oils that allows one to become mentally and/or physically quiet

heartburn - burning sensation in the esophagus due to reflux of hydrochloric acid from the stomach; acid reflux

hematoma - swelling filled with blood as a result of a broken blood vessel

hemturia - blood in urine

hemorrhage - excessive bleeding

hemorrhoids - internal or external dilated rectal veins; piles

hemostatic - arrests bleeding, hemorrhaging

hepatic - having to do with the liver

hepatitis - inflammation of the liver

herb - non-woody, soft leafy plant used in medicine and cooking

herpes - vesicular eruption caused by a virus; simplex-usually involving the mouth, lips, face (cold sores); zoster-infection of certain sensory nerves causing pain and/or blisters along the course of the affected nerve (shingles/zona); genitalis-lesions on the genitalia

histamine - substance released when cells are injured; results in vasodilatation, increased permeability of blood vessels and bronchiole constriction

homoeopathy - system of medicine based on the concept that disease can be treated with minute doses of drugs (usually plant and mineral in nature) capable of producing the same symptoms in healthy people as the disease itself

homeostasis - condition in which the bodyメs internal environment remains relatively constant within physiological limits

hormone - a chemical secreted by body cells which diffuse into body fluids that alters the physiological activity of target cells within the body

hydrolate - by product of steam distillation; floral water; distillate

hypercalcuric - producing excess calcium in the urine

hyperglycemia - high level of blood sugar

hypersensitivity - overreaction to an allergen that causes pathological changes in the body; allergy

hypertensive - agent that raises blood pressure

hypertension - elevated blood pressure

hyperventilation - rate of respiration higher than required to maintain normal level of carbon dioxide in the blood; often due to anxiety or panic

hypnotic - promotes sleep or dulls the senses

hypoglycemia - low level of blood sugar

hypotension - low blood pressure

hypotensive - agent that lowers blood pressure

hypothermia - lowering of body temperature below 95 of

hypoxia - inadequate oxygen in the tissues

hysteria - neurotic condition with somatic (physical) and/or emotional disorders

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I

immunostimulent - agent that stimulates antibody formation

impetigo - inflammatory skin disease with scattered pustules that crust and rupture; usually caused by staph or strep infection

incontinence - inability to retain urine, feces or semen due to loss of sphincter control

inflammation - redness, pain, heat, swelling creating a protective response to tissue injury; designed to destroy, dilute or wall of infecting agent or injured tissue

infused oil - remedy prepared by steeping or maceration of plant material in oil, may or may not involve heat

infusion - remedy prepared by steeping plant material in water

insecticide - repels and kills insects

insomnia - inability to fall or stay asleep

insulin - hormone produced in the pancreas that decreases blood sugar

integumentary - having to do with skin, hair and nails

inunction - application of ointment or oil to the skin to facilitate absorption

in vitro - outside the living body, in an artificial setting; referring to testing method

in vivo - in the living body; referring to testing method

irritable bowel syndrome (ibs) - stress reaction involving symptoms of cramping, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, flatulence, nausea and/or loss of appetite; spastic colitis

ischaemic - reduction in blood supply

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L

larvicide - prevents and kills larvae

laxative - promotes evacuation of the bowels

ld 50 - lethal dose at which 50% of experimental population dies

lethargy - lack of energy, sluggishness, dullness, apathy

leucocyte - white blood cell important in defense against infection

leucorrhea - white vaginal discharge

libido - sexual urge, drive

lipolytic - disintegration or splitting of fats

lumbago - muscular pain in the lumbar (lower) region of the back

lymphatic - pertaining to the lymph system

lymphocyte - white blood cell made in the lymphatic system

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M

maceration - soaking plant matter in liquid until soft

malaise - discomfort and/or uneasiness often indicative of infection

menarche - onset of menstruation

menopause - normal end of menstruation

menorrhagia - excessive menstruation

menses - periodic flow of blood and tissue from the uterus; menstruation

metritus - inflammation of uterus

metrorrhagia - bleeding from the uterus outside normal menses

microbe - minute pathogenic organism

mrsa - methicillin- resistant staphylococcus aureus; bacteria that has evolved becoming drug resistant

mucolytic - thinning or dissolving of mucus

mucus membrane - membranes that release mucus; lining of all orifices

myelin - material enveloping the majority of nerves

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N

nebulizer - a machine that disseminates tiny droplets of medicine/essential oil into the air to be absorbed into the respiratory tract

necrosis - tissue death due to insufficient low of oxygenated blood or direct action of a corrosive chemical

nephritis - inflammation of the kidneys

nervine - reduces nervous system disorders

nervous system - all nerve cells and tissues of an organism that control responses to stimuli, coordinates behavior and consciousness

neuralgia - stabbing pain along a nerve pathway

neuritis - inflammation of a nerve

neurasthenia - nervous exhaustion

neuromuscular - the interplay between nerve and muscle

neurotonic - strengthens and supports the nervous system

neurotoxic - poisonous to nerve cells

neurotransmitter - brain chemical that sends messages from one nerve cell to another; brain hormones

noradrenaline - hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla that causes quickening of heart beat, strengthens force of the heart's contraction, opens airways in the lungs and numerous other effects; part of fight-or-flight reaction; same as norepinephrine

norepinephrine - hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla that causes quickening of heart beat, strengthens force of the heart's contraction, opens airways in the lungs and numerous other effects; part of fight-or-flight reaction; same as noradrenaline

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O

occlusion - prevention of evaporation of volatile substances from the skin by covering the area with an impermeable material, enhances absorbtion

oil of... - means nothing; often a cover of altered or synthetic product

oleo gum resin - exudation from plants, mainly consisting of essential oils, gum and resin

oleoresin - solvent extracted aromatic liquid containing essential oils and resin; (banned in most places)

olfaction - sense of smell

olfactory blub - mass of brain matter at the extremity of an olfactory nerve

olfactory lobe - cranial lobe projecting from the anterior lower part of each cerebral hemisphere of the brain

olfactory nerve - cranial nerve i

osmology - study of the sense of smell

osteo arthritis - degenerative joint disease; degeneration of cartilage or overgrowth of bone

otitis - inflammation of the ear

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P

peripheral nervous system - lying outside the central nervous system; nerves and ganglia

palpitation - rapid or abnormal heartbeat

parasiticide - prevents or destroys parasites

parasitosis - disease or condition caused by a parasite

parasympathetic nervous system - craniosacral division of the autonomic nervous system primarily concerned with activities that conserve and restore body energy

pathogen - disease producing organism

paturient - aiding childbirth

pediculicide - destroys lice

pelvic inflammatory disease - collective term for any bacterial infection of the pelvic organs

peptic - pertaining to gastric secretions and areas affected by them

perfume oil - means nothing; often a cover of altered or synthetic product

pericarditis - inflammation of the pericardium-sac enclosing the heart

periodontal disease - conditions of the mouth that cause degeneration of the gums, bones and ligaments

peristalsis - involuntary wave-like movement in hollow tubes within the body, especially the digestive system

phagocytogenic - promotes the formation of phagocytes-a cell that can ingest/destroy substances such as bacteria, protozoa, cells and cell debris

pharmacology - science concerning drugs, their actions, properties and characteristics

pheromone - volatile hormone-like secretion that transmits a subtle odor evoking response in another member of the same species; usually sexual

phlebitis - inflammation of a vein usually in the legs

phlebotonic - strengthening to the veins

photocarcinogenic - initiation of cancer growth by a chemical in the presence of ultra violet light

photosensitization - abnormally increased sensitivity to ultraviolet rays or sunlight

phototoxic - increases the sensitivity of the skin to sunlight and ultraviolet radiation to the point of toxicity

physiological - natural biological processes of a living organism

phytohormones - plant substances that mimic the action of human hormones

phytotherapy - treatment of disease by plants

piles - hemorrhoid

plantar fascitis - inflammation of the fascia of the sole of the foot

pleurisy - inflammation of the pleura-membrane surrounding the lungs

pms - premenstrual syndrome; occurs several days prior to the onset of menstruation, can include irritability, emotional tension, anxiety, mood changes, depression, headache, breast tenderness and water retention

pneumonia - inflammation of the lungs most commonly caused by bacterial, viruses and chemical irritants

pomade - perfume material obtained by enfleurage

postpartum - after the delivery of a baby

poultice - hot, moist application to skin of plant matter to increase circulation, relieve congestion and act as counterirritant for pain

probiotic - favoring the beneficial bacteria in the body while inhibiting harmful microbes

prophylactic - preventative measure that helps to prevent disease or infection

prostatitis - inflammation of the prostate gland

prurigo - chronic skin disease with intense itching, irritation and papules

pruritus - severe itching

psoriasis - chronic, non-contagious skin disease characterized by red scaly patches, may cause lesions, patches, or papules on the surface of the skin anywhere on the body

psychoneuroimmunology - study of the interrelationship of mind and body and the influence of emotion upon the immune system

psychosomatic - mental state that manifests into physical symptoms

psychotropic - affecting the brain and influencing behavior

pulmonary - pertaining to the lungs

purgative - agent causing water evacuation of intestinal contents

pyelitis - inflammation of the kidney

pyorrhea - gum disease characterized by bleeding and/or pus

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R

rectified - redistilled essential oil; to eliminate undesirable constituents

regulator - balancer/normalizer of body function

relaxant - soothing, relaxing, relieving of stress or tension

renal - pertaining to the kidneys

resin - solid or semi-solid exudations from trees; natural or prepared

resolvent - reduces inflammation or swelling; absorption of new growths

restorative - strengthens or revives body systems

rheumatoid arthritis - chronic, systemic autoimmune disorder resulting in inflammation and crippling deformity

rhinitis - inflammation of nasal mucus membranes

rhinopharyngitis - inflammation of the nasopharynx

rosacea - chronic neurovascular disorder that generally affects the facial skin; most common symptoms include facial redness and inflammation across the nose, cheeks, chin and forehead

rubefacient - causes redness to skin, possible irritant; counter-irritant

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S

salpingitis - inflammation of fallopian tube

scabies - highly communicable skin disease caused by an arachnid; itch mite

sciatica - severe pain down back of thigh running down inside of leg along the path of the sciatic nerve; causes may be pressure on nerve root; trauma, injury, strain

scleroderma - an autoimmune disease of connective tissue, characterized by the formation of scar tissue (fibrosis) in the skin and organs of the body leading to thickness and firmness of involved areas; systemic sclerosis

sclerosis - hardening of tissue due to excessive growth of fibrous tissue

seborrhea - increase secretion of sebum

sedative - quieting, soothing or possessing a tranquilizing effect

sepsis - pathological condition due to presence of organisms in blood

shingles - acute infection of the peripheral nervous system caused by herpes zoster virus; zona

somatic - of the body

soporific - induces sleep

spasmolytic - antispasmodic

splenic - spleen tonic

sprain - injury to a ligament resulting from overuse or trauma causing stretch or tear of one or more ligaments in a joint

staph - staphylococcus, a group of bacteria that cause a multitude of diseases directly by infection, or indirectly through products they make, such as the toxins; the main culprit in hospital-acquired infections causing thousands of deaths every year

stimulant - increases the functional activity of an organ or structure

stomachic - digestive aid, tonic, improving appetite

strep - s treptococcus, a group of bacteria that cause a multitude of diseases

styptic - stops or reduces external bleeding

sudorific - causes sweating; diaphoretic

sympathetic nervous system - a subdivision of the autonomic nervous system primarily concerned with activities that expend energy; produces involuntary response to alarm

synergy - agents working together harmoniously


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T

tachycardia - abnormally increased heart/pulse rate caused by various conditions

tannin - substance found in many plants that acts as an astringent and helps seal broken tissue

tendonitis - inflammation of a tendon-fibrous attachment of muscle to bone

thrombosis - blood clot in the vascular system

thrush
- infection of mouth or vagina caused by the fungus candida albicans


tincture
- herbal remedy prepared in alcohol

tonic - strengthens or revives the whole or specific parts of the body

tinnitis - ringing


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U

ulcer
- open sore or lesion of the skin or mucus membrane with sloughing off of inflamed, dead tissue

unguent - soothing healing salve

urethritis - inflammation of the urethra

uric acid - crystalline acid created by metabolism and constituent of urinary and renal calculi (stones) and gout

urticaria
- skin condition characterized by weals, itching, stinging, burning; hives/rash

uterine - pertaining to the uterus

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V

vaginitis - inflammation of the vagina

varicosity - a swollen, twisted vein

vasoconstrictor - causes narrowing of blood vessels

vasodilator - causes relaxing/widening of blood vessels

vermifuge
- destroying/expelling intestinal worms; anthelmintic

verucolytic - prevents formation of epidermal tumors or warts

vertigo - disturbance of equilibrium; sometimes a synonym for dizziness, lightheadedness

viscosity - state of being sticky or thick; as in fixed or carrier oils

visicant - causes blistering of skin; counter-irritant

vasicle - small blister or sac containing fluid

volatile - easily vaporized or evaporated

vulnerary - helps heal wounds by external application

vulvitis - inflammation of the vulva

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W

wart
- generally a benigh tumor of skin cells caused by a virus

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Z

zona
- herpes zoster

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